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Tor Browser prevents someone watching your connection from knowing what websites you visit. Tor Browser aims to make all users look the same, making it difficult for you to be fingerprinted based on your browser and device information.
Your traffic is relayed and encrypted three times as it passes over the Tor network. The network is comprised of thousands of volunteer-run servers known as Tor relays. With Tor Browser, you are free to access sites your home network may have blocked. We believe everyone should be able to explore the internet with privacy. We are the Tor Project, a c 3 US nonprofit. We advance human rights and defend your privacy online through free software and open networks.
Meet our team. Download Tor Browser to experience real private browsing without tracking, surveillance, or censorship. There are other components of Chrome which may issue DNS resolves directly and hence bypass this proxy server. The most notable such component is the "DNS prefetcher". Disabling DNS prefetching would solve this problem, however it is a fragile solution since one needs to be aware of all the areas in Chrome which issue raw DNS requests.
Just as with Firefox, you can setup a fast switch for example through Proxy SwitchySharp. Once installed enter in its configuration page. Tor since version 0. Add following line to your torrc file to set port on your localhost as http proxy:. Refer to tor manual for further information.
The FoxyProxy add-on allows you to specify multiple proxies for different URLs or for all your browsing. After restarting Firefox manually set Firefox to port on localhost , which is where Polipo or Privoxy are running. Select a proxy label e. To check if Tor is functioning properly visit the Tor Check website and toggle Tor.
The Tor Project has created a custom Polipo configuration file to prevent potential problems with Polipo as well to provide better anonymity. If you want to use Chromium with Tor, you do not need the Polipo package see: Chromium. You can also use this setup in other applications like messaging e. Jabber , IRC. A problem with this method though is that applications doing DNS resolves by themselves may leak information.
Consider using Socks4A e. You can set up Pidgin to use Tor globally, or per account. The proxy settings are as follows:. Note that some time in the Port has changed from to if you use the Tor Browser Bundle. Try the other value if you receive a "Connection refused" message. This article or section is out of date.
Freenode recommends connecting to. Start irssi:. Set your identification to nickserv, which will be read when connecting. Pacman download operations repository DBs, packages, and public keys can be done using the Tor network. On stock arch, pacman only trust keys which are either signed by you that can be done with pacman-key --lsign-key or signed by 3 of 5 Arch master keys.
If a malicious exit node replaces packages with ones signed by its key, pacman will not let the user install the package. One can run ensure a java application proxies its connections through Tor by appending the following command line options:.
The Tor network is reliant on people contributing bandwidth and setting up services. There are several ways to contribute to the network. A Tor bridge is a Tor relay that is not listed in the public Tor directory, thus making it possible for people to connect to the Tor network when governments or ISPs block all public Tor relays.
This means that your machine will act as an entry node or forwarding relay and, unlike a bridge, it will be listed in the public Tor directory. Your IP address will be publicly visible in the Tor directory but the relay will only forward to other relays or Tor exit nodes, not directly to the internet.
Any requests from a Tor user to the regular internet obviously need to exit the network somewhere, and exit nodes provide this vital service. To the accessed host, the request will appear as having originated from your machine. This means that running an exit node is generally considered more legally onerous than running other forms of Tor relays.
Using the torrc, you can configure which services you wish to allow through your exit node. Allow all traffic:. To bind Tor to privileged ports the service must be started as root. To listen on Port 80 and the service need to be started as root as described in Start tor. This configuration is based on the Tor Manual.
Tor opens a socks proxy on port by default -- even if you do not configure one. Set SocksPort 0 if you plan to run Tor only as a relay, and not make any local application connections yourself. Log notice stdout changes logging to stdout, which is also the Tor default.
ExitPolicy reject XXX. DisableAllSwap 1 "will attempt to lock all current and future memory pages, so that memory cannot be paged out". If you want to watch Tor connections in nyx DisableDebuggerAttachment 0 must also be specified.
If you want to run nyx as a different user than tor , read section Set a Tor Control cookie file. Setup and learn to use iptables. Instead of being a Simple stateful firewall where connection tracking would have to track thousands of connections on a tor exit relay this firewall configuration is stateless.
See Haveged to decide if your system generates enough entropy to handle a lot of OpenSSL connections, see haveged - A simple entropy daemon and how-to-setup-additional-entropy-for-cloud-servers-using-haveged for documentation.
This configuration stub shows how to cache queries to your normal DNS recursor locally and increase pdnsd cache size to MB. The Tor 0. To enable it add the following lines to the Tor configuration file and restart the daemon:. This will allow Tor to accept DNS requests listening on port in this example like a regular DNS server, and resolve the domain via the Tor network. For more information see this Debian-based introduction. DNS queries can also be performed through a command line interface by using tor-resolve For example:.
It is possible to configure your system, if so desired, to use TorDNS for all queries your system makes, regardless of whether or not you eventually use Tor to connect to your final destination. To do this, configure your system to use The following instructions will show how to set up dnsmasq for this purpose. Change the tor setting to listen for the DNS request in port and install dnsmasq. These configurations set dnsmasq to listen only for requests from the local computer, and to use TorDNS at its sole upstream provider.
Finally if you use dhcpcd you would need to change its settings to that it does not alter the resolv configuration file. Just add this line in the configuration file:. From the man page:. Using iptables to transparently torify a system affords comparatively strong leak protection, but it is not a substitute for virtualized torification applications such as Whonix, or TorVM . Transparent torification also will not protect against fingerprinting attacks on its own, so it is recommended to use an amnesic solution like Tails instead.
In other words, transparent torification with iptables protects against accidental connections and DNS leaks by misconfigured software, it is not sufficient to protect against malware or software with serious security vulnerabilities. When a transparent proxy is used, it is possible to start a Tor session from the client as well as from the transparent proxy, creating a "Tor over Tor" scenario.
Doing so produces undefined and potentially unsafe behavior. In theory, the user could get six hops instead of three in the Tor network. However, it is not guaranteed that the three additional hops received are different; the user could end up with the same hops, possibly in reverse or mixed order. The Tor Project opinion is that this is unsafe  .
This file uses the nat table to force outgoing connections through the TransPort or DNSPort, and blocks anything it cannot torrify. See iptables 8.