skydns tor browser gydra

тор браузер преимущества попасть на гидру

Все популярные браузеры собирают информацию о пользователях. На основе поисковых запросов, посещённых страниц, прочитанных статей и просмотренных видео строится цифровое досье пользователя, включающее в себя личные данные, интересы и даже политические пристрастия. Это делается для того, чтобы показывать релевантную рекламу, новости и другие полезные для конкретного пользователя вещи. Многие относятся к этому совершенно спокойно и даже считают благом. Однако есть и такие, кому не очень нравится, что кто-то собирает и хранит данные о их поведении и привычках.

Skydns tor browser gydra tor browser запретили hidra

Skydns tor browser gydra

Автоматический перевод меняет язык страницы, к примеру, английский на русский. Также перевод позволяет открывать заблокированные сайты. Поисковики Google и Яндекс оснащены функцией перевода текста. Кэшированная страница — страница, которая попала в память поисковых систем. Некоторые контент-фильтры позволяют открыть подобные страницы. Причём в одних браузерах они могут быть заблокированы, а в других — открыты.

На кэшированные страницы можно попасть через поисковую выдачу. Достаточно открыть сохранённые копии напротив искомых сайтов. Страницы могут быть несколько устаревшими. Но они могут быть открыты. Школьники используют различные способы обхода блокировок. Способы борьбы с обходами блокировок могут помочь во время прокурорских проверок. Никто специально не будет ставить программы, менять DNS-сервера и пытаться зайти на запрещённый сайт через прокси-сервер. Помощник прокурора может просто допустить ошибку при написании слова.

Результат поисковой выдачи может неприятно удивить. Для дома. Учебным заведениям. Для дома Учебным заведениям Бизнесу Провайдерам. Поиск по сайту Безопасный поиск в сети. Найти Найти. Как школьники обходят интернет фильтры Для доступа к запрещённым сайтам учащиеся используют специальные программы и несовершенства контент-фильтров. Рассмотрим способы обхода блокировок и методы противодействия им. Обход блокировки сайтов через прокси-сервер Прокси-сервер — это посредник между компьютером пользователя, откуда поступает запрос и системой интернет-серверов.

Чтобы исключить изменения настроек сети надо ограничить права для учётных записей пользователей. Без прав администратора учащиеся не смогут изменить настройки сети. Решение Чтобы предотвратить смену DNS-сервера нужно ограничить права для учётных записей пользователей. Отсутствие прав администратора не позволит учащимся изменить настройки сети. Решение Учётные записи учеников не должны обладать правами администратора. Это позволит предотвратить редактуру файла hosts.

Обход блокировки через браузеры Для обхода блокировок учащиеся используют браузеры со специальным функционалом. Сеть Tor скрывает данные пользователя, а также шифрует и передаёт трафик на разные серверы Tor. Браузер позволяет включать турбо-режим. При его активации содержимое страницы, включая видео, отправляется на сервера Яндекса, где сжимается и затем передается в браузер на компьютере пользователя. Такая схема работы помогает турбо-режиму обходить некоторые контент-фильтры.

Opera оснащена функцией встроенного VPN. Дополнительно ограничьте права для учётных записей пользователей. Без прав администратора учащиеся не смогут установить новые браузеры. Расширения для обхода блокировки сайтов Плагины — это расширения для браузеров. Решение Если в школе используется браузер Chrome, можно установить сервис Chrome Enterprise. Это облачное решение для управления доступом пользователей к данным, приложениям и расширениям.

В этом случае ученики не смогут поставить плагины на браузер через специализированные магазины. Эвфемизмы, жаргонизмы, сленг, подмена букв в словах и обобщённые наименования Эвфемизмы позволяют обходить фильтрацию. Безопасный поиск будет работать с переменным успехом. Предусмотреть все возможные вариации слов и словосочетаний — нереально. А с сознательными искажениями и подавно.

Решение В этом случае поможет ограничение прав для учётных записей пользователей. Без прав администратора учащиеся не смогут устанавливать стороннее программное обеспечение. Решение Есть несколько решений. Второе — настроить работу безопасного поиска и не использовать поисковики Google и Яндекс. Кэшированные страницы Кэшированная страница — страница, которая попала в память поисковых систем. Вывод Школьники используют различные способы обхода блокировок.

Шпаргалка Учащиеся не должны обладать правами администратора. Это исключит работу через прокси-серверы, предотвратит смену DNS-сервера, а также редактуру файла hosts. Кроме того, школьники не смогут устанавливать новые браузеры и программы удаленного доступа. Для борьбы с плагаинами браузеров можно работать только по белому списку. Если в школе используется браузер Chrome, можно поставить сервис Chrome Enterprise.

Работа только по белому списку позволит отсечь жаргонизмы, сленг, подмену букв в словах и обобщенные наименования в поисковой выдаче. Чтобы предотвратить открытие кэшированных страниц необходимо работать только по белому списку или через безопасный поиск. Автоперевод страниц поможет открыть запрещенный сайт. Первое решение — работать по белому списку. Это анонимный браузер который работает в сети Тор.

Если у вас такой, просто переходите по ссылке - hydrаruzxpnew4аf. Существует также официальное зеркало для входа с обычных браузеров может работать нестабильно. Если вы не хотите использовать TOR, вот ссылка на зеркало - hydrа2wеb. Шлюз сам определит оптимальный способ для вас и направит на оригинальный сайт магазина Hydra. Гидра — это магазин различных товаров, которые вы не купите просто так в интернете.

Сайт разделён на категории для удобства, есть поиск, все покупки в маркете полностью анонимны, все магазины на гидре проходят модерацию и постоянно проверяются. Сами покупки совершать очень просто - разберётся даже начинающий пользователь интернета.

Сеть тор надежно охраняет вашу анонимность, также как и зеркало сайта онион. Чтобы не попасть на поддельный сайт, посмотрите скриншоты официального магазина Гидра онион он должен быть точно таким как на картинках - цвета и логотип должны совпадать.

Вы также можете перейти на официальное зеркало онион сайта. Этот способ отлично подходит тем, у кого нет браузера Тор. Это настолько же безопасно как и через Tor-браузер, если использовать адресную строку ниже:. Сайт на домене онион - это изначальный адрес магазина, который работает в сети Tor. Для входа нужен Тор браузер или шлюз для перехода.

Также есть официальное зеркало этого сайта, на него можно зайти с обычного браузера возможны перебои. Больше других ссылок нет, остальное это обман! На текущий момент разницы нет, если есть тор, заходите через него, если нет используйте зеркало или шлюз. Мы не рекомендуем этого делать, так как сайт Гидра зарекомендовал себя наилучшим образом. На нём самый большой выбор товаров и лучший сервис. Решение для продвинутых пользователей на случай запрета властями использования VPN и сети Tor.

Способ обхода предоставлен самими разработчиками Тор браузера. Ссылка для скачивания. Можно отсюда. Небольшое руководство по использованию сайта и покупке товара в магазине Hydra. Следуйте трём простым шагам от регистрации до получения товара. Маркет Hydra Onion постоянно развивается и имеет свои неповторимые особенности, что делает его самым удобным и популярным ресурсом в своей нише. Администрация регулирует взаимоотношения продавцов и покупателей, также возможна покупка через гаранта.

На сайт гидра можно свободно зайти если знаешь ссылку, сайт доступен как через тор, так и с обычного браузера. Ссылка на официальный сайт Гидра Данный сайт является шлюзом направляющим на оригинальный и официальный сайт Hydra Onion. Прямая ссылка на сайт Hydra Для этого потребуется Тор браузер. Зеркало официального сайта Гидра Существует также официальное зеркало для входа с обычных браузеров может работать нестабильно.

Сайт-шлюз HydraPort. Описание сайта Гидра Онион Гидра — это магазин различных товаров, которые вы не купите просто так в интернете. Из ключевых особенностей площадки можно выделить: Полная и безоговорочная анонимность - никто и никогда не сможет отследить откуда вы заходили и кто вы такой.

БЛОКИРОВАТЬ ТОР БРАУЗЕР ГИДРА

В настоящий момент существует всего 3 способа зайти на сайт магазина. Выбирайте тот который наиболее удобен для вас и переходите. Для этого потребуется Тор браузер. Это анонимный браузер который работает в сети Тор. Если у вас такой, просто переходите по ссылке - hydrаruzxpnew4аf. Существует также официальное зеркало для входа с обычных браузеров может работать нестабильно.

Если вы не хотите использовать TOR, вот ссылка на зеркало - hydrа2wеb. Шлюз сам определит оптимальный способ для вас и направит на оригинальный сайт магазина Hydra. Гидра — это магазин различных товаров, которые вы не купите просто так в интернете. Сайт разделён на категории для удобства, есть поиск, все покупки в маркете полностью анонимны, все магазины на гидре проходят модерацию и постоянно проверяются. Сами покупки совершать очень просто - разберётся даже начинающий пользователь интернета.

Сеть тор надежно охраняет вашу анонимность, также как и зеркало сайта онион. Чтобы не попасть на поддельный сайт, посмотрите скриншоты официального магазина Гидра онион он должен быть точно таким как на картинках - цвета и логотип должны совпадать. Вы также можете перейти на официальное зеркало онион сайта. Этот способ отлично подходит тем, у кого нет браузера Тор.

Это настолько же безопасно как и через Tor-браузер, если использовать адресную строку ниже:. Сайт на домене онион - это изначальный адрес магазина, который работает в сети Tor. Для входа нужен Тор браузер или шлюз для перехода. Также есть официальное зеркало этого сайта, на него можно зайти с обычного браузера возможны перебои. Больше других ссылок нет, остальное это обман! На текущий момент разницы нет, если есть тор, заходите через него, если нет используйте зеркало или шлюз.

Мы не рекомендуем этого делать, так как сайт Гидра зарекомендовал себя наилучшим образом. На нём самый большой выбор товаров и лучший сервис. Решение для продвинутых пользователей на случай запрета властями использования VPN и сети Tor. Способ обхода предоставлен самими разработчиками Тор браузера. Ссылка для скачивания. Можно отсюда. Небольшое руководство по использованию сайта и покупке товара в магазине Hydra. Следуйте трём простым шагам от регистрации до получения товара.

Маркет Hydra Onion постоянно развивается и имеет свои неповторимые особенности, что делает его самым удобным и популярным ресурсом в своей нише. Администрация регулирует взаимоотношения продавцов и покупателей, также возможна покупка через гаранта. На сайт гидра можно свободно зайти если знаешь ссылку, сайт доступен как через тор, так и с обычного браузера. Ссылка на официальный сайт Гидра Данный сайт является шлюзом направляющим на оригинальный и официальный сайт Hydra Onion.

Прямая ссылка на сайт Hydra Для этого потребуется Тор браузер. Зеркало официального сайта Гидра Существует также официальное зеркало для входа с обычных браузеров может работать нестабильно. Кэшированная страница — страница, которая попала в память поисковых систем. Некоторые контент-фильтры позволяют открыть подобные страницы. Причём в одних браузерах они могут быть заблокированы, а в других — открыты.

На кэшированные страницы можно попасть через поисковую выдачу. Достаточно открыть сохранённые копии напротив искомых сайтов. Страницы могут быть несколько устаревшими. Но они могут быть открыты. Школьники используют различные способы обхода блокировок. Способы борьбы с обходами блокировок могут помочь во время прокурорских проверок.

Никто специально не будет ставить программы, менять DNS-сервера и пытаться зайти на запрещённый сайт через прокси-сервер. Помощник прокурора может просто допустить ошибку при написании слова. Результат поисковой выдачи может неприятно удивить. Для дома. Учебным заведениям. Для дома Учебным заведениям Бизнесу Провайдерам. Поиск по сайту Безопасный поиск в сети. Найти Найти. Как школьники обходят интернет фильтры Для доступа к запрещённым сайтам учащиеся используют специальные программы и несовершенства контент-фильтров.

Рассмотрим способы обхода блокировок и методы противодействия им. Обход блокировки сайтов через прокси-сервер Прокси-сервер — это посредник между компьютером пользователя, откуда поступает запрос и системой интернет-серверов. Чтобы исключить изменения настроек сети надо ограничить права для учётных записей пользователей. Без прав администратора учащиеся не смогут изменить настройки сети.

Решение Чтобы предотвратить смену DNS-сервера нужно ограничить права для учётных записей пользователей. Отсутствие прав администратора не позволит учащимся изменить настройки сети. Решение Учётные записи учеников не должны обладать правами администратора. Это позволит предотвратить редактуру файла hosts. Обход блокировки через браузеры Для обхода блокировок учащиеся используют браузеры со специальным функционалом.

Сеть Tor скрывает данные пользователя, а также шифрует и передаёт трафик на разные серверы Tor. Браузер позволяет включать турбо-режим. При его активации содержимое страницы, включая видео, отправляется на сервера Яндекса, где сжимается и затем передается в браузер на компьютере пользователя. Такая схема работы помогает турбо-режиму обходить некоторые контент-фильтры. Opera оснащена функцией встроенного VPN. Дополнительно ограничьте права для учётных записей пользователей.

Без прав администратора учащиеся не смогут установить новые браузеры. Расширения для обхода блокировки сайтов Плагины — это расширения для браузеров. Решение Если в школе используется браузер Chrome, можно установить сервис Chrome Enterprise. Это облачное решение для управления доступом пользователей к данным, приложениям и расширениям. В этом случае ученики не смогут поставить плагины на браузер через специализированные магазины.

Эвфемизмы, жаргонизмы, сленг, подмена букв в словах и обобщённые наименования Эвфемизмы позволяют обходить фильтрацию. Безопасный поиск будет работать с переменным успехом. Предусмотреть все возможные вариации слов и словосочетаний — нереально.

А с сознательными искажениями и подавно. Решение В этом случае поможет ограничение прав для учётных записей пользователей. Без прав администратора учащиеся не смогут устанавливать стороннее программное обеспечение. Решение Есть несколько решений. Второе — настроить работу безопасного поиска и не использовать поисковики Google и Яндекс. Кэшированные страницы Кэшированная страница — страница, которая попала в память поисковых систем.

Вывод Школьники используют различные способы обхода блокировок. Шпаргалка Учащиеся не должны обладать правами администратора. Это исключит работу через прокси-серверы, предотвратит смену DNS-сервера, а также редактуру файла hosts. Кроме того, школьники не смогут устанавливать новые браузеры и программы удаленного доступа.

Для борьбы с плагаинами браузеров можно работать только по белому списку. Если в школе используется браузер Chrome, можно поставить сервис Chrome Enterprise. Работа только по белому списку позволит отсечь жаргонизмы, сленг, подмену букв в словах и обобщенные наименования в поисковой выдаче. Чтобы предотвратить открытие кэшированных страниц необходимо работать только по белому списку или через безопасный поиск.

Автоперевод страниц поможет открыть запрещенный сайт. Первое решение — работать по белому списку. Третье — настроить работу безопасного поиска. Похожие публикации Ботнеты или бойтесь цифровых мертвецов Как убрать рекламу в интернете Интернет Цензор. Обзор программы Фишинг.

Очень забавная обход блокировки тор браузер hyrda вход считаю, что

This is because some users may want to include other values in these lists as well, and this was not possible if they were set automatically by the Mailman module. It would not have been possible to just concatenate values from multiple modules each setting the values they needed, because the order of elements in the list is significant. The networking.

The new option allows better control of the IPv6 temporary addresses, including completely disabling them for interfaces where they are not needed. Rspamd was updated to version 2. Read the upstream migration notes carefully. Please be especially aware that some modules were removed and the default Bayes backend is now Redis. This module supports configuration via the Nix attribute set services. Please note that this means that this means that the oraclejdk is now required.

For further information please read the release notes. Haskell env and shellFor dev shell environments now organize dependencies the same way as regular builds. This means that if you incorrectly categorize a dependency, e. The gcc-snapshot -package has been removed. The nixos-build-vms 8 -script now uses the python test-driver. The riot-web package now accepts configuration overrides as an attribute set instead of a string. A formerly used JSON configuration can be converted to an attribute set with builtins.

The new default configuration also disables automatic guest account registration and analytics to improve privacy. The previous behavior can be restored by setting config. Stand-alone usage of Upower now requires services. This means that users from NixOS To provide a safe upgrade-path and to circumvent similar issues in the future, the following measures were taken:.

The pkgs. With this change major-releases can be backported without breaking stuff and to make upgrade-paths easier. Existing setups will be detected using system. Users with an overlay e. Hydra has gained a massive performance improvement due to some database schema changes by adding several IDs and better indexing.

At first, an older version of Hydra needs to be deployed which adds those nullable columns. When having set stateVersion to a value older than Otherwise, the package can be deployed using the following config:. Automatically fill the newly added ID columns on the server by running the following command:.

Deploy a newer version of Hydra to activate the DB optimizations. This can be done by using hydra-unstable. This package already includes flake-support and is therefore compiled against pkgs. The TokuDB storage engine will be disabled in mariadb It is recommended to switch to RocksDB.

See also TokuDB. The nginx web server previously started its master process as root privileged, then ran worker processes as a less privileged identity user the nginx user. This was changed to start all of nginx as a less privileged user defined by services. As a consequence, all files that are needed for nginx to run included configuration fragments, SSL certificates and keys, etc.

OpenSSH has been upgraded from 7. Consult the release announcement for more information. The following options have been added: security. As well as this, the options security. Certificates will be regenerated on activation, no account or certificate will be migrated from simp-le. In particular private keys will not be preserved. However, the credentials for simp-le are preserved and thus it is possible to roll back to previous versions without breaking certificate generation. Note also that in contrary to simp-le a new private key is recreated at each renewal by default, which can have consequences if you embed your public key in apps.

Predictably named network interfaces get renamed in stage This means that it is possible to use the proper interface name for e. Dropbear setups. For further reference, please read or the corresponding discourse thread. The matrix-synapse -package has been updated to v1.

Due to stricter requirements for database configuration when using postgresql , the automated database setup of the module has been removed to avoid any further edge-cases. Depending on your setup, you need to incorporate one of the following changes in your setup to upgrade to If you use postgresql and configured your synapse initially on If you deploy a fresh matrix-synapse , you need to configure the database yourself e.

An example for this can be found in the documentation of the Matrix module. If you initially deployed your matrix-synapse on nixos-unstable after the The systemd. Nix has been updated to 2. The binfmt module is now easier to use. Additional systems can be added through boot. For instance, boot. The installer now uses a less privileged nixos user whereas before we logged in as root.

To gain root privileges use sudo -i without a password. This can be achieved with the following options which the desktop manager default enables, excluding games. With these options we hope to give users finer grained control over their systems. The new hardware. There is a new services. If you previously had system-config-printer enabled through some other means you should migrate to using one of these modules.

Note Mate uses programs. If you previously had blueman installed via environment. Buildbot no longer supports Python 2, as support was dropped upstream in version 2. Configurations may need to be modified to make them compatible with Python 3. So if you run an application like eg. Nextcloud, where you need to use the Unix socket path as the database host name, you need to change it accordingly.

The options services. The NetworkManager systemd unit was renamed back from network-manager. The same applies to ModemManager where modem-manager. This can be accomplished by either describing a dependency on mysql. See the Jellyfin documentation: Migrating from Emby to Jellyfin.

IPv6 Privacy Extensions are now enabled by default for undeclared interfaces. The previous behaviour was quite misleading — even though the default value for networking. Now, interfaces not mentioned in the config will prefer temporary addresses. EUI64 addresses can still be set as preferred by explicitly setting the option to false for the interface in question.

Since Bittorrent Sync was superseded by Resilio Sync in , the bittorrentSync , bittorrentSync14 , and bittorrentSync16 packages have been removed in favor of resilio-sync. The corresponding module, services. The httpd service no longer attempts to start the postgresql service. If you have come to depend on this behaviour then you can preserve the behavior with the following configuration: systemd.

You may still use this feature, but it will be removed in a future release of NixOS. You are encouraged to convert any httpd subservices you may have written to a full NixOS module. These modules can be enabled using the services.

The option systemd. GatewayOnlink was renamed to systemd. GatewayOnLink capital L. This follows upstreams renaming of the setting. As of this release the NixOps feature autoLuks is deprecated. It no longer works with our systemd version without manual intervention. Whenever the usage of the module is detected the evaluation will fail with a message explaining why and how to deal with the situation.

A new knob named nixops. If you plan on using the feature please note that it might break with subsequent updates. If you are actively using the autoLuks module please let us know in issue Its metrics are differently structured and are incompatible to the old ones. For information about the metrics, have a look at the official repo. The shibboleth-sp package has been updated to version 3. It is largely backward compatible, for further information refer to the release notes and upgrade guide.

By default, prometheus exporters are now run with DynamicUser enabled. Only some exporters are affected by the latter, namely the exporters dovecot , node , postfix and varnish. The ibus-qt package is not installed by default anymore when i18n. If IBus support in Qt 4. The previous behavior can be restored by setting services.

Squid 3 has been removed and the squid derivation now refers to Squid 4. The new option allows setting extra configuration while being better type-checked and mergeable. No service depends on keys. The full issue behind the keys. You can use this read-only option to figure out where the certificates are stored for a specific certificate. For example, the services. Furthermore, the acme module will not automatically add a dependency on lighttpd. For nginx, the dependencies are still automatically managed when services.

What changed is that nginx now directly depends on the specific certificates that it needs, instead of depending on the catch-all acme-certificates. This target unit was also removed from the codebase. The old deprecated emacs package sets have been dropped.

What used to be called emacsPackagesNg is now simply called emacsPackages. The WeeChat plugin pkgs. Old unsupported versions logstash5 , kibana5 , filebeat5 , heartbeat5 , metricbeat5 , packetbeat5 of the ELK-stack and Elastic beats have been removed. For NixOS Because Prometheus 1 is no longer developed, it was removed. Prometheus 2 is now configured with services.

The state path services. It has to be set to false and enabled per interface with networking. The Twitter client corebird has been dropped as it is discontinued and does not work against the new Twitter API. Please use the fork cawbird instead which has been adapted to the API changes and is still maintained. Because of the systemd upgrade, systemd-timesyncd will no longer work if system.

When upgrading from NixOS Because of the systemd upgrade, some network interfaces might change their name. For details see upstream docs or our ticket. The documentation module gained an option named documentation.

Currently, it is set to false by default as enabling it frequently prevents evaluation. But the plan is to eventually have it set to true by default. Please set it to true now in your configuration. The vlc package gained support for Chromecast streaming, enabled by default. TCP port must be open for it to work, so something like networking.

Also consider enabling Accelerated Video Playback for better transcoding performance. The following changes apply if the stateVersion is changed to The hunspellDicts. The mysql service now runs as mysql user. Previously, systemd did execute it as root, and mysql dropped privileges itself. To accomplish that, runtime and data directory setup was delegated to RuntimeDirectory and tmpfiles. In order for the upgrade to work we rely on an activation script to move the state from the old to the new directory.

The older directory prior As long as the system. Accordingly the module avahi now supports custom service definitions via services. See avahi. Since version 0. Since this change in cargo-vendor changes the set of vendored files for most Rust packages, the hash that use used to verify the dependencies, cargoSha , also changes. The cargoSha hashes of all in-tree derivations that use buildRustPackage have been updated to reflect this change. However, third-party derivations that use buildRustPackage may have to be updated as well.

The consul package was upgraded past version 1. The default resample-method for PulseAudio has been changed from the upstream default speex-float-1 to speex-float The phabricator package and associated httpd. The mercurial httpd. The trac httpd. The foswiki package and associated httpd. The tomcat-connector httpd. There exists now lib. When mapping function body spans many lines or has nested map s , it is often hard to follow which list is modified.

Previous solution to this problem was either to use lib. Both can still be used but lib. This also configures the kernel to pass core dumps to systemd-coredump , and restricts the SysRq key combinations to the sync command only. Core dumps are now processed by systemd-coredump by default. To stick to the old behaviour having the kernel dump to a file called core in the working directory , without piping it through systemd-coredump , set systemd.

Old systemd. The rmilter package was removed with associated module and options due deprecation by upstream developer. Use rspamd in proxy mode instead. We no longer enable custom font rendering settings with fonts. The defaults from fontconfig are sufficient. The crashplan package and the crashplan service have been removed from nixpkgs due to crashplan shutting down the service, while the crashplansb package and crashplan-small-business service have been removed from nixpkgs due to lack of maintainer.

Using fonts. The altcoins categorization of packages has been removed. You now access these packages at the top level, ie. Ceph has been upgraded to v See the release notes for details. The mgr dashboard as well as osds backed by loop-devices is no longer explicitly supported by the package and module. Weechat also recommends to use Python3 in their docs. Added the Pantheon desktop environment. It can be enabled through services. By default, services.

Because of that it is recommended to leave LightDM enabled. A major refactoring of the Kubernetes module has been completed. Refactorings primarily focus on decoupling components and enhancing security. There is now a set of confinement options for systemd. There is a new security. One can configure it using the security. For users of NixOS If this option is set to a Nix 1. If you have already run a channel update and Nix is no longer able to evaluate Nixpkgs, the error message printed should provide adequate directions for upgrading Nix.

Note however that this may break user expressions. UTF-8 to enable Unicode support. The glibcLocales package is no longer needed as a build input. The Syncthing state and configuration data has been moved from services. This change makes possible to share synced directories using ACLs without Syncthing resetting the permission on every start.

The ntp module now has sane default restrictions. The light module no longer uses setuid binaries, but udev rules. As a consequence users of that module have to belong to the video group in order to use the executable i. Buildbot now supports Python 3 and its packages have been moved to pythonPackages. Options services. They were never used for anything and can therefore safely be removed. Package wasm has been renamed proglodyte-wasm. The package wasm will be pointed to ocamlPackages. When the nixpkgs.

The old behavior can be recovered by setting nixpkgs. This release makes backwards-incompatible changes to the configuration file format. See man smtpd. The versioned postgresql have been renamed to use underscore number seperators. Package consul-ui and passthrough consul. The package consul now uses upstream releases that vendor the UI into the binary.

See for details. Slurm introduces the new option services. Make sure to move all files to the new directory or to set the option accordingly. The slurmctld now runs as user slurm instead of root. If you want to keep slurmctld running as root , set services.

The solr package has been upgraded from 4. Package ckb is renamed to ckb-next , and options hardware. Network interface indiscriminate NixOS firewall options networking. These rules continue to use the pseudo device "default" networking. The nscd service now disables all caching of passwd and group databases by default. This was already the default behaviour in presence of services.

Furthermore, negative caching of host lookups is also disabled now by default. This should fix the issue of dns lookups failing in the presence of an unreliable network. If the old behaviour is desired, this can be restored by setting the services.

To circumvent that, we regenerated that file on each startup. In case your setup breaks due to some later PAM account module previosuly shadowed, or failing NSS lookups, please file a bug. You can get back the old behaviour by manually setting security. It comes with a number of improvements and backwards incompatible changes. See the fish release notes for more information. The ibus-table input method has had a change in config format, which causes all previous settings to be lost.

See this commit message for details. NixOS module system type types. Use types. It will no longer generate a self-signed certificate on first launch and will be the last version to accept self-signed certificates. As a consequence, the sendmailPath argument, having lost its main use, has been removed. See Upgrading Graylog for details.

The option users. Same applies to the new users. The Matomo module now also comes with the systemd service matomo-archive-processing. The deprecated truecrypt package has been removed and truecrypt attribute is now an alias for veracrypt. VeraCrypt is backward-compatible with TrueCrypt volumes. Note that cryptsetup also supports loading TrueCrypt volumes. Please beware that upgrading DNS-addon on existing clusters might induce minor downtime while the DNS-addon terminates and re-initializes.

Also note that the DNS-service now runs with 2 pod replicas by default. The desired number of replicas can be configured using: services. The quassel-webserver package and module was removed from nixpkgs due to the lack of maintainers. The manual gained a new chapter on self-hosting matrix-synapse and riot-web , the most prevalent server and client implementations for the Matrix federated communication network.

The astah-community package was removed from nixpkgs due to it being discontinued and the downloads not being available anymore. The httpd service now saves log files with a. The owncloud server packages and httpd subservice module were removed from nixpkgs due to the lack of maintainers.

It is possible now to uze ZRAM devices as general purpose ephemeral block devices, not only as swap. Using more than 1 device as ZRAM swap is no longer recommended, but is still possible by setting zramSwap. Alternatively, use nixos-rebuild boot; reboot. Flat volumes are now disabled by default in hardware. The ndppd module now supports all config options provided by the current upstream version as service options.

New installs of NixOS will default to the Redmine 4. The Grafana module now supports declarative datasource and dashboard provisioning. The use of insecure ports on kubernetes has been deprecated. Thus options: services.

Note that the default value of services. If the apiserver insecurePort is enabled, it is strongly recommended to only bind on the loopback interface. See: services. Disallowing privileged containers on the cluster. The kubernetes module does no longer add the kubernetes package to environment.

The intel driver has been removed from the default list of X. The modesetting driver should take over automatically, it is better maintained upstream and has less problems with advanced X11 features. This can lead to a change in the output names used by xrandr. Some performance regressions on some GPU models might happen. Openmpi has been updated to version 4. This may break some older applications that still rely on those symbols.

An upgrade guide can be found here. The nginx package now relies on OpenSSL 1. You can set the protocols used by the nginx service using services. A new subcommand nixos-rebuild edit was added. In addition to numerous new and upgraded packages, this release has the following notable updates:.

Support for aarchlinux is as with the previous releases, not equivalent to the xlinux release, but with efforts to reach parity. Core versions: linux: 4. Support for wrapping binaries using firejail has been added through programs. This will place firefox and mpv binaries in the global path wrapped by firejail. The service has succeeding tests for the versions 2.

When enabled the iproute2 will copy the files expected by ip route e. This allows to write aliases for routing tables for instance. The deprecated ipsec command used in services. The new services. Some licenses that were incorrectly not marked as unfree now are. This is the case for:. The deprecated services. See above. Use builtins. The clementine package points now to the free derivation.

The new version should be very close to the old version, but there are some minor differences. Importantly, flags like -b, -q, -C, and -Z are no longer accepted by the nc command. Then you may use your data file s with Gnucash 3.

See the upgrade documentation. Gnucash 2. Make sure the key file is accessible to the daemon. The ELK stack: elasticsearch , logstash and kibana has been upgraded from 2. The 2. You can still use the 5. The elastic beats: filebeat , heartbeat , metricbeat and packetbeat have had the same treatment: they now target 6. The 5. The ELK The packages are available under the names: elasticsearch-oss , logstash-oss and kibana-oss.

Options boot. You should be able to remove them from your config without any issues. For native builds this is not change, let alone a breaking one. For cross builds, it is a breaking change, and stdenv. They should be using that anyways for clarity. Groups kvm and render are introduced now, as systemd requires them. The sha of a pulled image has to be updated. Use more specific concatenation lib.

Use lib. The pkgs argument to NixOS modules can now be set directly using nixpkgs. Previously, only the system , config and overlays arguments could be used to influence pkgs. A NixOS system can now be constructed more easily based on a preexisting invocation of Nixpkgs. For example:. This benefits evaluation performance, lets you write Nixpkgs packages that depend on NixOS images and is consistent with a deployment architecture that would be centered around Nixpkgs overlays.

Please complain if you use the function regularly. The attribute lib. It has been fixed to act according to the docstring, and a test has been added. Module implementers should not set a specific bit size in order to let users configure it by themselves if they want to have a different bit size than the default Use networking. The Kubernetes package has been bumped to major version 1.

Please consult the release notes for details on new features and api changes. Note that the default value has changed from If dashboard cluster-admin rights are desired, set services. On existing clusters, in order for the revocation of privileges to take effect, the current ClusterRoleBinding for kubernetes-dashboard must be manually removed: kubectl delete clusterrolebinding kubernetes-dashboard.

The programs. Since The module services. The module option nix. The config activation script of nixos-rebuild now reloads all user units for each authenticated user. The default display manager is now LightDM. To use SLiM set services. Top-level buildPlatform , hostPlatform , and targetPlatform in Nixpkgs are deprecated. Please use their equivalents in stdenv instead: stdenv. Nix now defaults to 2. Core version changes: linux: 4.

Desktop version changes: gnome: 3. While upgrading a few changes have been made to the infrastructure involved:. The mysql57 package has a new static output containing the static libraries including libmysqld. Dollar signs in options under services. This was already true for string-valued options in the previous release, but not for list-valued options.

If you need to pass literal dollar signs through Postfix, double them. The postage package for web-based PostgreSQL administration has been renamed to pgmanage. The corresponding module has also been renamed. To migrate please rename all services. Package attributes starting with a digit have been prefixed with an underscore sign. This is to avoid quoting in the configuration and other issues with command-line tools like nix-env. The change affects the following packages:.

Update your keys or, unfavorably, re-enable DSA support manually. After updating the keys to be stronger, anyone still on a pre If you do not want Kerberos support, you can do openssh. The most commonly used files in nix-support are now split between the two wrappers.

Other more obscure ones are just moved. The propagation logic has been changed. The new logic, along with new types of dependencies that go with, is thoroughly documented in the "Specifying dependencies" section of the "Standard Environment" chapter of the nixpkgs manual. In practice, that means that many propagatedNativeBuildInputs should instead be propagatedBuildInputs.

Thankfully, that was and is the least used type of dependency. Other types dependencies should be unaffected. The memcached service no longer accept dynamic socket paths via services. Unix sockets can be still enabled by services. If you still need this module, you may wish to include a copy of it from an older version of nixos in your imports.

The merging of config options for services. Previously, if other options in the Postfix module like services. They are now merged correctly. If config options need to be overridden, lib. Migration instructions can be found here. The jid package has been removed, due to maintenance overhead of a go package having non-versioned dependencies. When using services. As a result, you might need to re-evaluate any custom Xorg configuration.

In particular, Option "XkbRules" "base" may result in broken keyboard layout. The attic package was removed. A maintained fork called Borg should be used instead. The package pkgs. The service services. All files will be moved automatically on first startup, but you might need to adjust your backup scripts.

The default serverName for the nginx configuration changed from piwik. The piwik user was renamed to matomo. The service will adjust ownership automatically for files in the data directory. The pump. It is now maintained as an external module. The following modules were renamed:. Many new modules are now core modules, most notably services. The better-performing libevent backend is now enabled by default.

Use withOnlyInstalledCommunityModules for modules that should not be enabled directly, e. All prometheus exporter modules are now defined as submodules. The exporters are configured using services. ZNC option services. That means that old configuration is not overwritten by default when update to the znc options are made. The option networking. In the module networking.

To assign static addresses to an interface the options ipv4. The options ip4 and ip6 have been renamed to ipv4. The new options ipv4. Previously the default behaviour was to listen on all interfaces. Unity indicators can be represented by short name e.

The NixOS test driver supports user services declared by systemd. Enabling bash completion on NixOS, programs. KDE Plasma was upgraded to 5. The module option services. The handling of SSL in the services. This by chance had worked earlier due to specific implementation details.

In case you had specified both please remove the enableSSL option to keep the previous behaviour. Options to configure resolver options and upstream blocks have been introduced. See their information for further details. The port option has been replaced by a more generic listen option which makes it possible to specify multiple addresses, ports and SSL configs dependant on the new SSL handling mentioned above.

In an Qemu-based virtualization environment, the network interface names changed from i. This is due to a kernel configuration change. The new naming is consistent with those of other Linux distributions with systemd. See for more information. A machine is affected if the virt-what tool either returns qemu or kvm and has interface names used in any part of its NixOS configuration, in particular if a static network configuration with networking.

Change the interface names in your NixOS configuration. The first interface will be called ens3 , the second one ens8 and starting from there incremented by 1. After changing the interface names, rebuild your system with nixos-rebuild boot to activate the new configuration after a reboot. If you switch to the new configuration right away you might lose network connectivity!

If using nixops , deploy with nixops deploy --force-reboot. The postgres default version was changed from 9. The postgres superuser name has changed from root to postgres to more closely follow what other Linux distributions are doing.

Instructions to migrate can be found here. It is also possible to use the newer version by setting the package to radicale2 , which is done automatically when stateVersion is The extraArgs option has been added to allow passing the data migration arguments specified in the instructions; see the radicale.

The aiccu package was removed. The fanctl package and fan module have been removed due to the developers not upstreaming their iproute2 patches and lagging with compatibility to recent iproute2 versions. Top-level idea package collection was renamed. The caddy service was previously using an extra. The contents of the. The ssh-agent user service is not started by default anymore. Use programs. There is also a new programs. It now correctly defines the ip to listen for incoming connections on.

To keep the previous behaviour, use services. Refer to the description of the options for more details. This is due to the project being dead and not building with openssl 1. However, some packages have broken due to this—their build systems either not supporting, or claiming to support without adequate testing, taking such environment variables as parameters. To accomodate this change, the default sqlite database location has also been changed. Migration should work automatically.

The compiz window manager and package was removed. The system support had been broken for several years. Touchpad support should now be enabled through libinput as synaptics is now deprecated. See the option services. These options will never delete existing databases and users, especially not when the value of the options are changed. This authenticates the Unix user with the same name only, and that without the need for a password.

If you have previously created a MySQL root user with a password , you will need to add root user for unix socket authentication before using the new options. This can be done by running the following SQL script:. By default, the mysql user is no longer the user which performs the backup. Instead a system account mysqlbackup is used.

The mysqlBackup service is also now using systemd timers instead of cron. Therefore, the services. If you expect to be sent an e-mail when the backup fails, consider using a script which monitors the systemd journal for errors. Regretfully, at present there is no built-in functionality for this.

You can check that backups still work by running systemctl start mysql-backup then systemctl status mysql-backup. Templated systemd services e. Steam: the newStdcpp parameter was removed and should not be needed anymore. Redis has been updated to version 4 which mandates a cluster mass-restart, due to changes in the network handling, in order to ensure compatibility with networks NATing traffic. This can be used to import a set of modules from another channel while keeping the rest of the system on a stable release.

Updated to FreeType 2. The new engine replaces the Infinality engine which was the default in NixOS. Some system-wide configuration has been removed from the Fontconfig NixOS module where user Fontconfig settings are available. The time. This value allows changing the timezone of a system imperatively using timedatectl set-timezone.

The default timezone is still UTC. Nixpkgs overlays may now be specified with a file as well as a directory. Two new options have been added to the installer loader, in addition to the default having changed. The kernel log verbosity has been lowered to the upstream default for the default options, in order to not spam the console when e.

This therefore leads to adding a new debug option to set the log level to the previous verbose mode, to make debugging easier, but still accessible easily. Additionally a copytoram option has been added, which makes it possible to remove the install medium after booting. This allows tethering from your phone after booting from it. Additionally other options have been added to the postfix module and has been improved further.

The systemd-boot boot loader now lists the NixOS version, kernel version and build date of all bootable generations. The dnscrypt-proxy service now defaults to using a random upstream resolver, selected from the list of public non-logging resolvers with DNSSEC support.

Existing configurations can be migrated to this mode of operation by omitting the services. Nixpkgs is now extensible through overlays. See the Nixpkgs manual for more information. This release is based on Glibc 2.

The default Linux kernel is 4. Cross compilation has been rewritten. See the nixpkgs manual for details. The most obvious breaking change is that in derivations there is no. The overridePackages function has been rewritten to be replaced by overlays. Packages in nixpkgs can be marked as insecure through listed vulnerabilities. Derivations have no. See lib. Now you need to use versioned attributes, like gnome3. The attribute name of the Radicale daemon has been changed from pythonPackages.

The stripHash bash function in stdenv changed according to its documentation; it now outputs the stripped name to stdout instead of putting it in the variable strippedName. PHP now scans for extra configuration. This prevents accidentally loading non-PHP. Two lone top-level dict dbs moved into dictdDBs.

This affects: dictdWordnet which is now at dictdDBs. Parsoid service now uses YAML configuration format. Ntpd was replaced by systemd-timesyncd as the default service to synchronize system time with a remote NTP server. The old behavior can be restored by setting services. Upstream time servers for all NTP implementations are now configured using networking.

The scripted networking system now uses. Extra care needs to be taken in the presence of legacy udev rules to rename interfaces, as MAC Address and MTU defined in these options can only match on the original link name. Grafana received a major update to version 7. A plugin is now needed for image rendering support, and plugins must now be signed by default. More information can be found in the Grafana documentation.

Please report any use case where this is not working well. In particular, the RootDirectory option newly set forbids uploading or downloading a torrent outside of the default directory configured at settings. If you really need Transmission to access other directories, you must include those directories into the BindPaths of the service:.

Also, connection to the RPC Remote Procedure Call of transmission-daemon is now only available on the local network interface by default. With this release systemd-networkd when enabled through networking. This gives us control over socket buffer sizes and other parameters. For larger setups where networkd has to create a lot of virtual devices the default buffer size currently MB is not enough. Eventually some of the message will be dropped since there is not enough permitted buffer space available.

ReceiveBufferSize without recompiling systemd-networkd. Since the actual memory requirements depend on hardware, timing, exact configurations etc. Administrators are advised to monitor the logs of systemd-networkd for rtnl: kernel receive buffer overrun spam and increase the memory limit as they see fit. It just increases the upper bound on the kernel side.

The memory allocation depends on the amount of messages that are queued on the kernel side of the netlink socket. Specifying mailboxes in the dovecot2 module as a list is deprecated and will break eval in Instead, an attribute-set should be specified where the name should be the key of the attribute.

This might cause problems if your projects depend on packages that were removed in Java The nixos-run-vms script now deletes the previous run machines states on test startup. You can use the --keep-vm-state flag to match the previous behaviour and keep the same VM state between different test runs.

The nix. There are no functional changes, however this may require updating some configurations to use correct types for all attributes. The fontconfig module stopped generating config and cache files for fontconfig 2. Fontconfig 2. Nginx module nginxModules. The option defaultPackages was added. It installs the packages perl , rsync and strace for now. They were added unconditionally to systemPackages before, but are not strictly necessary for a minimal NixOS install.

You can set it to an empty list to have a more minimal system. Be aware that some functionality might still have an impure dependency on those packages, so things might break. The undervolt option no longer needs to apply its settings every 30s. If they still become undone, open an issue and restore the previous behaviour using undervolt. New top-level packages agda and agda. All agda libraries now live under agdaPackages. See the new documentation for more information.

The deepin package set has been removed from nixpkgs. It was a work in progress to package the Deepin Desktop Environment DDE , including libraries, tools and applications, and it was still missing a service to launch the desktop environment. It has shown to no longer be a feasible goal due to reasons discussed in issue The package netease-cloud-music has also been removed, as it depends on libraries from deepin.

The opendkim module now uses systemd sandboxing features to limit the exposure of the system towards the opendkim service. Kubernetes has been upgraded to 1. This may have consequences for your existing clusters and their certificates. Please consider the release notes for Kubernetes 1. I, Jonathan Ringer, would like to thank the following individuals for their work on nixpkgs. This release could not be done without the hard work of the NixOS community. There were contributions across contributors.

Special thanks also goes to Thomas Tuegel for helping immensely with stabilizing Qt, KDE, and Plasma5; I would also like to thank Robert Scott for his numerous fixes and pull request reviews. The graphical installer image starts the graphical session automatically. It is now possible to disable the display-manager from running by selecting the Disable display-manager quirk in the boot menu. GNOME 3 has been upgraded to 3. Please take a look at their Release Notes for details.

If you enable the Pantheon Desktop Manager via services. By default zfs pools will now be trimmed on a weekly basis. Trimming is only done on supported devices i. It is controlled by the services. The zfs scrub service services. These lists will automatically contain zfs as soon as any zfs mountpoint is configured in fileSystems. If you used something like:. The testing driver implementation in NixOS is now in Python make-test-python. All documentation has been updated to use this testing driver, and a vast majority of the tests in NixOS were ported to python driver.

In This should give users of the NixOS integration framework a transitory period to rewrite their tests to use the Python implementation. Users of the Perl driver will see this warning everytime they use it:. API compatibility is planned to be kept for at least the next release with the perl driver. The kubernetes kube-proxy now supports a new hostname configuration services.

To use Geary you should enable programs. The dhcpcd package does not request IPv4 addresses for tap and bridge interfaces anymore by default. In order to still get an address on a bridge interface, one has to disable networking.

This way, dhcpcd is configured in an explicit way about which interface to run on. GnuPG is now built without support for a graphical passphrase entry by default. Please enable the gpg-agent user service via the NixOS option programs. Note that upstream recommends using gpg-agent and will spawn a gpg-agent on the first invocation of GnuPG anyway.

The dynamicHosts option has been removed from the NetworkManager module. Allowing multiple regular users to override host entries affecting the whole system opens up a huge attack vector. There seem to be very rare cases where this might be useful.

Consider setting system-wide host entries using networking. The main. Matching all network interfaces caused many breakages, see and The stdenv now runs all bash with set -u , to catch the use of undefined variables. Now, all bash code is held to the same high standard, and the rather complex stateful manipulation of the options can be discarded.

The Way Cooler wayland compositor has been removed, as the project has been officially canceled. There are no more way-cooler attribute and programs. The BEAM package set has been deleted. You will only find there the different interpreters. You should now use the different build tools coming with the languages with sandbox mode disabled. There is now only one Xfce package-set and module. This means that attributes xfce and xfceUnstable all now point to the latest Xfce 4. PrivateTmp to false for each phpfpm unit.

For that reason, Plasma desktop also does not have enableQt4Support option any more. If you depend on this you should set the option environment. The aforementioned option was added this release. The buildRustCrate infrastructure now produces lib outputs in addition to the out output. This has led to drastically reduced closure sizes for some rust crates since development dependencies are now in the lib output. Pango was upgraded to 1. This means that type1 and bitmap fonts are no longer supported in applications relying on Pango for font rendering notably, GTK application.

See upstream issue for more information. The password of the database is not written world readable in the store any more. If database. Otherwise, a password is still needed and can be provided with the new option database. The database. Usage of this option will print a warning. To ensure a clean migration, all users will be logged out when you upgrade to this release.

The packages openobex and obexftp are no longer installed when enabling Bluetooth via hardware. However, this version does not have an internal webserver anymore. Polkit no longer has the user of uid 0 root as an admin identity. We now follow the upstream default of only having every member of the wheel group admin privileged. Before it was root and members of wheel. The positive outcome of this is pkexec GUI popups or terminal prompts will no longer require the user to choose between two essentially equivalent choices whether to perform the action as themselves with wheel permissions, or as the root user.

This saves evaluation time, especially if there are many declarative containers defined. The kresd services deprecates the interfaces option in favor of the listenPlain option which requires full systemd. Virtual console options have been reorganized and can be found under a single top-level attribute: console. The full set of changes is as follows:. The awstats module has been rewritten to serve stats via static html pages, updated on a timer, over nginx , instead of dynamic cgi pages over apache.

Minor changes will be required to migrate existing configurations. Details of the required changes can seen by looking through the awstats module. The httpd module no longer provides options to support serving web content without defining a virtual host.

As a result of this the services. Please update your configuration to make use of services. This change comes with the addition of the following options which mimic the functionality of their nginx counterparts: services. For NixOS configuration options, the loaOf type has been deprecated and will be removed in a future release.

In nixpkgs, options of this type will be changed to attrsOf instead. If you were using one of these in your configuration, you will see a warning suggesting what changes will be required. For example, users. This should be rewritten by removing the list and using the value of name as the name of the attribute set:. For NixOS modules, the types types. Because of this, if you have a module that defines an option of type either submodule To fix this, change the type to either path submodule The Buildkite Agent module and corresponding packages have been updated to 3.

This means you will have to rename services. Furthermore, the following options have been changed:. Its type has also changed - it now accepts an attrset of strings. For further information, please refer to the support and maintenance information from upstream. The gcc5 and gfortran5 packages have been removed.

Please use the services. If you used this module specifically because it permitted root auto-login you can override the lightdm-autologin pam module like:. All other display managers in NixOS are configured like this. This is because having an option for the Hyperkitty API key meant that the API key would be stored in the world-readable Nix store, which was a security vulnerability.

A new Hyperkitty API key will be generated the first time the new Hyperkitty service is run, and it will then be persisted outside of the Nix store. To continue using Hyperkitty, you must set services. Additionally, some Postfix configuration must now be set manually instead of automatically by the Mailman module:. This is because some users may want to include other values in these lists as well, and this was not possible if they were set automatically by the Mailman module.

It would not have been possible to just concatenate values from multiple modules each setting the values they needed, because the order of elements in the list is significant. The networking. The new option allows better control of the IPv6 temporary addresses, including completely disabling them for interfaces where they are not needed. Rspamd was updated to version 2. Read the upstream migration notes carefully. Please be especially aware that some modules were removed and the default Bayes backend is now Redis.

This module supports configuration via the Nix attribute set services. Please note that this means that this means that the oraclejdk is now required. For further information please read the release notes. Haskell env and shellFor dev shell environments now organize dependencies the same way as regular builds.

This means that if you incorrectly categorize a dependency, e. The gcc-snapshot -package has been removed. The nixos-build-vms 8 -script now uses the python test-driver. The riot-web package now accepts configuration overrides as an attribute set instead of a string. A formerly used JSON configuration can be converted to an attribute set with builtins. The new default configuration also disables automatic guest account registration and analytics to improve privacy.

The previous behavior can be restored by setting config. Stand-alone usage of Upower now requires services. This means that users from NixOS To provide a safe upgrade-path and to circumvent similar issues in the future, the following measures were taken:. The pkgs. With this change major-releases can be backported without breaking stuff and to make upgrade-paths easier. Existing setups will be detected using system.

Users with an overlay e. Hydra has gained a massive performance improvement due to some database schema changes by adding several IDs and better indexing. At first, an older version of Hydra needs to be deployed which adds those nullable columns. When having set stateVersion to a value older than Otherwise, the package can be deployed using the following config:.

Automatically fill the newly added ID columns on the server by running the following command:. Deploy a newer version of Hydra to activate the DB optimizations. This can be done by using hydra-unstable. This package already includes flake-support and is therefore compiled against pkgs.

The TokuDB storage engine will be disabled in mariadb It is recommended to switch to RocksDB. See also TokuDB. The nginx web server previously started its master process as root privileged, then ran worker processes as a less privileged identity user the nginx user. This was changed to start all of nginx as a less privileged user defined by services.

As a consequence, all files that are needed for nginx to run included configuration fragments, SSL certificates and keys, etc. OpenSSH has been upgraded from 7. Consult the release announcement for more information. The following options have been added: security. As well as this, the options security. Certificates will be regenerated on activation, no account or certificate will be migrated from simp-le. In particular private keys will not be preserved.

However, the credentials for simp-le are preserved and thus it is possible to roll back to previous versions without breaking certificate generation. Note also that in contrary to simp-le a new private key is recreated at each renewal by default, which can have consequences if you embed your public key in apps.

Predictably named network interfaces get renamed in stage This means that it is possible to use the proper interface name for e. Dropbear setups. For further reference, please read or the corresponding discourse thread. The matrix-synapse -package has been updated to v1. Due to stricter requirements for database configuration when using postgresql , the automated database setup of the module has been removed to avoid any further edge-cases. Depending on your setup, you need to incorporate one of the following changes in your setup to upgrade to If you use postgresql and configured your synapse initially on If you deploy a fresh matrix-synapse , you need to configure the database yourself e.

An example for this can be found in the documentation of the Matrix module. If you initially deployed your matrix-synapse on nixos-unstable after the The systemd. Nix has been updated to 2. The binfmt module is now easier to use. Additional systems can be added through boot. For instance, boot. The installer now uses a less privileged nixos user whereas before we logged in as root.

To gain root privileges use sudo -i without a password. This can be achieved with the following options which the desktop manager default enables, excluding games. With these options we hope to give users finer grained control over their systems. The new hardware. There is a new services. If you previously had system-config-printer enabled through some other means you should migrate to using one of these modules. Note Mate uses programs. If you previously had blueman installed via environment.

Buildbot no longer supports Python 2, as support was dropped upstream in version 2. Configurations may need to be modified to make them compatible with Python 3. So if you run an application like eg. Nextcloud, where you need to use the Unix socket path as the database host name, you need to change it accordingly. The NetworkManager systemd unit was renamed back from network-manager.

The same applies to ModemManager where modem-manager. This can be accomplished by either describing a dependency on mysql. See the Jellyfin documentation: Migrating from Emby to Jellyfin. IPv6 Privacy Extensions are now enabled by default for undeclared interfaces. The previous behaviour was quite misleading — even though the default value for networking. Now, interfaces not mentioned in the config will prefer temporary addresses. EUI64 addresses can still be set as preferred by explicitly setting the option to false for the interface in question.

Since Bittorrent Sync was superseded by Resilio Sync in , the bittorrentSync , bittorrentSync14 , and bittorrentSync16 packages have been removed in favor of resilio-sync. The corresponding module, services. The httpd service no longer attempts to start the postgresql service. If you have come to depend on this behaviour then you can preserve the behavior with the following configuration: systemd.

You may still use this feature, but it will be removed in a future release of NixOS. You are encouraged to convert any httpd subservices you may have written to a full NixOS module. These modules can be enabled using the services. The option systemd. GatewayOnlink was renamed to systemd. GatewayOnLink capital L. This follows upstreams renaming of the setting. As of this release the NixOps feature autoLuks is deprecated.

It no longer works with our systemd version without manual intervention. Whenever the usage of the module is detected the evaluation will fail with a message explaining why and how to deal with the situation. A new knob named nixops. If you plan on using the feature please note that it might break with subsequent updates. If you are actively using the autoLuks module please let us know in issue Its metrics are differently structured and are incompatible to the old ones.

For information about the metrics, have a look at the official repo. The shibboleth-sp package has been updated to version 3. It is largely backward compatible, for further information refer to the release notes and upgrade guide. By default, prometheus exporters are now run with DynamicUser enabled.

Only some exporters are affected by the latter, namely the exporters dovecot , node , postfix and varnish. The ibus-qt package is not installed by default anymore when i18n. If IBus support in Qt 4. The previous behavior can be restored by setting services. Squid 3 has been removed and the squid derivation now refers to Squid 4. The new option allows setting extra configuration while being better type-checked and mergeable.

No service depends on keys. The full issue behind the keys. You can use this read-only option to figure out where the certificates are stored for a specific certificate. For example, the services. Furthermore, the acme module will not automatically add a dependency on lighttpd. For nginx, the dependencies are still automatically managed when services.

What changed is that nginx now directly depends on the specific certificates that it needs, instead of depending on the catch-all acme-certificates. This target unit was also removed from the codebase. The old deprecated emacs package sets have been dropped. What used to be called emacsPackagesNg is now simply called emacsPackages. The WeeChat plugin pkgs. Old unsupported versions logstash5 , kibana5 , filebeat5 , heartbeat5 , metricbeat5 , packetbeat5 of the ELK-stack and Elastic beats have been removed.

For NixOS Because Prometheus 1 is no longer developed, it was removed. Prometheus 2 is now configured with services. The state path services. It has to be set to false and enabled per interface with networking. The Twitter client corebird has been dropped as it is discontinued and does not work against the new Twitter API. Please use the fork cawbird instead which has been adapted to the API changes and is still maintained.

Because of the systemd upgrade, systemd-timesyncd will no longer work if system. When upgrading from NixOS Because of the systemd upgrade, some network interfaces might change their name. For details see upstream docs or our ticket.

The documentation module gained an option named documentation. Currently, it is set to false by default as enabling it frequently prevents evaluation. But the plan is to eventually have it set to true by default. Please set it to true now in your configuration.

The vlc package gained support for Chromecast streaming, enabled by default. TCP port must be open for it to work, so something like networking. Also consider enabling Accelerated Video Playback for better transcoding performance. The following changes apply if the stateVersion is changed to The hunspellDicts. The mysql service now runs as mysql user. Previously, systemd did execute it as root, and mysql dropped privileges itself.

To accomplish that, runtime and data directory setup was delegated to RuntimeDirectory and tmpfiles. In order for the upgrade to work we rely on an activation script to move the state from the old to the new directory. The older directory prior As long as the system. Accordingly the module avahi now supports custom service definitions via services. See avahi. Since version 0. Since this change in cargo-vendor changes the set of vendored files for most Rust packages, the hash that use used to verify the dependencies, cargoSha , also changes.

The cargoSha hashes of all in-tree derivations that use buildRustPackage have been updated to reflect this change. However, third-party derivations that use buildRustPackage may have to be updated as well. The consul package was upgraded past version 1. The default resample-method for PulseAudio has been changed from the upstream default speex-float-1 to speex-float The phabricator package and associated httpd.

The mercurial httpd. The trac httpd. The foswiki package and associated httpd. The tomcat-connector httpd. There exists now lib. When mapping function body spans many lines or has nested map s , it is often hard to follow which list is modified. Previous solution to this problem was either to use lib. Both can still be used but lib. This also configures the kernel to pass core dumps to systemd-coredump , and restricts the SysRq key combinations to the sync command only.

Core dumps are now processed by systemd-coredump by default. To stick to the old behaviour having the kernel dump to a file called core in the working directory , without piping it through systemd-coredump , set systemd. Old systemd. The rmilter package was removed with associated module and options due deprecation by upstream developer.

Use rspamd in proxy mode instead. We no longer enable custom font rendering settings with fonts. The defaults from fontconfig are sufficient. The crashplan package and the crashplan service have been removed from nixpkgs due to crashplan shutting down the service, while the crashplansb package and crashplan-small-business service have been removed from nixpkgs due to lack of maintainer. Using fonts. The altcoins categorization of packages has been removed.

You now access these packages at the top level, ie. Ceph has been upgraded to v See the release notes for details. The mgr dashboard as well as osds backed by loop-devices is no longer explicitly supported by the package and module. Weechat also recommends to use Python3 in their docs. Added the Pantheon desktop environment. It can be enabled through services. By default, services. Because of that it is recommended to leave LightDM enabled. A major refactoring of the Kubernetes module has been completed.

Refactorings primarily focus on decoupling components and enhancing security. There is now a set of confinement options for systemd. There is a new security. One can configure it using the security. For users of NixOS If this option is set to a Nix 1. If you have already run a channel update and Nix is no longer able to evaluate Nixpkgs, the error message printed should provide adequate directions for upgrading Nix. Note however that this may break user expressions. UTF-8 to enable Unicode support.

The glibcLocales package is no longer needed as a build input. The Syncthing state and configuration data has been moved from services. This change makes possible to share synced directories using ACLs without Syncthing resetting the permission on every start. The ntp module now has sane default restrictions. The light module no longer uses setuid binaries, but udev rules. As a consequence users of that module have to belong to the video group in order to use the executable i.

Buildbot now supports Python 3 and its packages have been moved to pythonPackages. Options services. They were never used for anything and can therefore safely be removed. Package wasm has been renamed proglodyte-wasm. The package wasm will be pointed to ocamlPackages. When the nixpkgs. The old behavior can be recovered by setting nixpkgs. This release makes backwards-incompatible changes to the configuration file format. See man smtpd. The versioned postgresql have been renamed to use underscore number seperators.

Package consul-ui and passthrough consul. The package consul now uses upstream releases that vendor the UI into the binary. Slurm introduces the new option services. Make sure to move all files to the new directory or to set the option accordingly.

The slurmctld now runs as user slurm instead of root. If you want to keep slurmctld running as root , set services. The solr package has been upgraded from 4. Package ckb is renamed to ckb-next , and options hardware. Network interface indiscriminate NixOS firewall options networking. These rules continue to use the pseudo device "default" networking.

The nscd service now disables all caching of passwd and group databases by default. This was already the default behaviour in presence of services. Furthermore, negative caching of host lookups is also disabled now by default. This should fix the issue of dns lookups failing in the presence of an unreliable network.

If the old behaviour is desired, this can be restored by setting the services. To circumvent that, we regenerated that file on each startup. In case your setup breaks due to some later PAM account module previosuly shadowed, or failing NSS lookups, please file a bug.

You can get back the old behaviour by manually setting security. It comes with a number of improvements and backwards incompatible changes. See the fish release notes for more information. The ibus-table input method has had a change in config format, which causes all previous settings to be lost. See this commit message for details. NixOS module system type types.

Use types. It will no longer generate a self-signed certificate on first launch and will be the last version to accept self-signed certificates. As a consequence, the sendmailPath argument, having lost its main use, has been removed. See Upgrading Graylog for details. The option users.

Same applies to the new users. The Matomo module now also comes with the systemd service matomo-archive-processing. The deprecated truecrypt package has been removed and truecrypt attribute is now an alias for veracrypt. VeraCrypt is backward-compatible with TrueCrypt volumes. Note that cryptsetup also supports loading TrueCrypt volumes. Please beware that upgrading DNS-addon on existing clusters might induce minor downtime while the DNS-addon terminates and re-initializes.

Also note that the DNS-service now runs with 2 pod replicas by default. The desired number of replicas can be configured using: services. The quassel-webserver package and module was removed from nixpkgs due to the lack of maintainers. The manual gained a new chapter on self-hosting matrix-synapse and riot-web , the most prevalent server and client implementations for the Matrix federated communication network. The astah-community package was removed from nixpkgs due to it being discontinued and the downloads not being available anymore.

The httpd service now saves log files with a. The owncloud server packages and httpd subservice module were removed from nixpkgs due to the lack of maintainers. It is possible now to uze ZRAM devices as general purpose ephemeral block devices, not only as swap. Using more than 1 device as ZRAM swap is no longer recommended, but is still possible by setting zramSwap. Alternatively, use nixos-rebuild boot; reboot. Flat volumes are now disabled by default in hardware.

The ndppd module now supports all config options provided by the current upstream version as service options. New installs of NixOS will default to the Redmine 4. The Grafana module now supports declarative datasource and dashboard provisioning. The use of insecure ports on kubernetes has been deprecated.

Thus options: services. Note that the default value of services. If the apiserver insecurePort is enabled, it is strongly recommended to only bind on the loopback interface. See: services. Disallowing privileged containers on the cluster. The kubernetes module does no longer add the kubernetes package to environment. The intel driver has been removed from the default list of X. The modesetting driver should take over automatically, it is better maintained upstream and has less problems with advanced X11 features.

This can lead to a change in the output names used by xrandr. Some performance regressions on some GPU models might happen. Openmpi has been updated to version 4. This may break some older applications that still rely on those symbols.

An upgrade guide can be found here. The nginx package now relies on OpenSSL 1. You can set the protocols used by the nginx service using services. A new subcommand nixos-rebuild edit was added. In addition to numerous new and upgraded packages, this release has the following notable updates:.

Support for aarchlinux is as with the previous releases, not equivalent to the xlinux release, but with efforts to reach parity. Core versions: linux: 4. Support for wrapping binaries using firejail has been added through programs. This will place firefox and mpv binaries in the global path wrapped by firejail. The service has succeeding tests for the versions 2. When enabled the iproute2 will copy the files expected by ip route e. This allows to write aliases for routing tables for instance.

The deprecated ipsec command used in services. The new services. Some licenses that were incorrectly not marked as unfree now are. This is the case for:. The deprecated services. See above. Use builtins. The clementine package points now to the free derivation. The new version should be very close to the old version, but there are some minor differences.

Importantly, flags like -b, -q, -C, and -Z are no longer accepted by the nc command. Then you may use your data file s with Gnucash 3. See the upgrade documentation. Gnucash 2. Make sure the key file is accessible to the daemon. The ELK stack: elasticsearch , logstash and kibana has been upgraded from 2.

The 2. You can still use the 5. The elastic beats: filebeat , heartbeat , metricbeat and packetbeat have had the same treatment: they now target 6. The 5. The ELK The packages are available under the names: elasticsearch-oss , logstash-oss and kibana-oss. Options boot. You should be able to remove them from your config without any issues.

For native builds this is not change, let alone a breaking one. For cross builds, it is a breaking change, and stdenv. They should be using that anyways for clarity. Groups kvm and render are introduced now, as systemd requires them. The sha of a pulled image has to be updated.

Use more specific concatenation lib. Use lib. The pkgs argument to NixOS modules can now be set directly using nixpkgs. Previously, only the system , config and overlays arguments could be used to influence pkgs. A NixOS system can now be constructed more easily based on a preexisting invocation of Nixpkgs. For example:. This benefits evaluation performance, lets you write Nixpkgs packages that depend on NixOS images and is consistent with a deployment architecture that would be centered around Nixpkgs overlays.

Please complain if you use the function regularly. The attribute lib. It has been fixed to act according to the docstring, and a test has been added. Module implementers should not set a specific bit size in order to let users configure it by themselves if they want to have a different bit size than the default Use networking.

The Kubernetes package has been bumped to major version 1. Please consult the release notes for details on new features and api changes. Note that the default value has changed from If dashboard cluster-admin rights are desired, set services. On existing clusters, in order for the revocation of privileges to take effect, the current ClusterRoleBinding for kubernetes-dashboard must be manually removed: kubectl delete clusterrolebinding kubernetes-dashboard. The programs. Since The module services.

The module option nix. The config activation script of nixos-rebuild now reloads all user units for each authenticated user. The default display manager is now LightDM. To use SLiM set services. Top-level buildPlatform , hostPlatform , and targetPlatform in Nixpkgs are deprecated.

Please use their equivalents in stdenv instead: stdenv. Nix now defaults to 2. Core version changes: linux: 4. Desktop version changes: gnome: 3. While upgrading a few changes have been made to the infrastructure involved:. The mysql57 package has a new static output containing the static libraries including libmysqld.

Dollar signs in options under services. This was already true for string-valued options in the previous release, but not for list-valued options. If you need to pass literal dollar signs through Postfix, double them. The postage package for web-based PostgreSQL administration has been renamed to pgmanage. The corresponding module has also been renamed. To migrate please rename all services.

Package attributes starting with a digit have been prefixed with an underscore sign. This is to avoid quoting in the configuration and other issues with command-line tools like nix-env. The change affects the following packages:. Update your keys or, unfavorably, re-enable DSA support manually. After updating the keys to be stronger, anyone still on a pre If you do not want Kerberos support, you can do openssh.