Step 2. All connections inside Tor network are encrypted green . In this example, the last connection is not-encrypted red . The last connection would be encrypted if Alice were visiting an https website. Step 3. Note : There is a trade-off between anonymity and speed. Tor provides anonymity by bouncing your traffic through volunteer servers in various parts of the world.
It will almost always be slower than a direct connection to the Internet. Tor is the most rigorously tested tool for keeping your online activities anonymous. Below are a few other tools that are suitable for circumventing online censorship and protecting the confidentiality of your local traffic. Unlike Tor , these tools require that you trust the service provider:. Note: If you are in a location where access to the Tor Project website is blocked, you can use email to request a download link that is more likely to work.
Send an email to gettor torproject. Further details about this feature are available on the Tor Project website. Before you download a Tor Browser package for Linux, you must determine whether you are running a bit or bit system. Before you extract it, you should verify that it is authentic. If you are running a bit system, Terminal will display i or i Now that you know whether you are running a bit or bit system, you can download the appropriate Tor Browser package.
Step 4. Click the appropriate download link and save the package somewhere convenient in your Desktop or Documents folder, for example, or on a USB storage device. Step 5. Right-click the sig link, just beneath the download link you clicked in the step above, and save the resulting file to the same directory.
You will need the. That process is described in the following section. Before you extract the Tor Browser package, you should verify that it is authentic. To do this, perform the following steps:. You can display information about this key by executing the following command in Terminal :.
Using Terminal , enter the directory where you saved one of the two Tor Browser package files below:. Important : In the examples above and below, these files are from version 5. Your files should have higher version numbers. From within that directory, execute one of the following commands in Terminal depending on whether you downloaded the bit or the bit version of the Tor Browser. The above verifies that the private key corresponding to the public key you imported in Step 1 was used to generate the signature file that you downloaded in Step 5 of the previous section and that this signature file applies to the Tor Browser package that you downloaded in Step 4 of the previous section.
Important : As you can see, GPG displays a warning about the key used for this signature. The best way to do this is to meet the Tor Project developers in person and ask them for the fingerprint of their signing key. For the purposes of this guide, we are relying on the fact that a well-known Tor Project GPG key 0x4E2C6E was used to create a signature file that confirms the authenticity of the Tor Browser package that you downloaded.
You do not have to install the Tor Browser as you would most software. You can extract it — either to your hard drive or to a USB storage device — and run it from there. Navigate to the folder in which you saved the Tor Browser package. Double-click the tor-browser-linux Click [Extract] to choose a location for the Tor Browser application folder. Navigate to a location where you want to extract the Tor Browser application folder. Step 6. Click [Extract] to extract the Tor Browser application folder.
Step 7. When the extraction process is completed, click [Quit] to close the Archive Manager. After you launch the Tor Browser for the first time, the name of this file will change to Tor Browser. From now on, you can launch it by double-clicking this file. The first time you launch the Tor Browser, it will ask you how it should connect to the Internet:. Direct Access: Select this option if your access to the Internet is unrestricted and if the use of Tor is not blocked, banned or monitored where you are located.
Restricted Access: Select this option if your access to the Internet is restricted or if the use of Tor is blocked, banned or monitored where you are located. After you configure the Tor Browser on the first launch, it will remember your selection and will not ask you to configure it again. You can change the configuration any time, from within the Tor Browser. This might be necessary if you are travelling or if the situation changes in your country. To do so, see Section 4.
If access to the Internet and to the Tor Network are not restricted in your location, perform the following steps to configure the Tor Browser:. Double-click the Tor Browser Setup file. This will display the Tor Browser configuration screen.
To connect directly to the Tor network, click [Connect]. If you want to use the Tor Browser from a location where the Tor network is blocked, you will have to use a bridge relay. Bridges are not listed in the public directory of Tor relays, so they are more difficult to block. Some bridges also support pluggable transports , which try to disguise your traffic to and from the Tor network. This helps prevent online filters from identifying and blocking bridge relays.
The default pluggable transport, called obfs4 , also makes it slightly more difficult for others to figure out that you are connecting to the Tor network. In general, though, Tor is not designed to hide the fact that you are using Tor.
You can learn more about bridges on the Tor project website. There are two ways to use bridges. You can enable the provided bridges or you can request custom bridges. If you have restricted access, click [Configure]. Note : If you have already configured the Tor Browser, you can activate the screen below by following the steps in Section 4. Click [Next] to display the bridge configuration screen. Click [Next] to display the local proxy configuration screen.
The Tor software is the key component of Tor Browser Bundle, protecting users by bouncing their communications around a distributed network of relays, which are run by volunteers all around the world. When you open the application for the first time, it will ask if you want to immediately connect to the Tor network and start browsing the Web anonymously, or if you want to tweak your network settings, in case the respective computer its censored, proxied or filtered.
Once you hit the Connect button, the software will connect to the Tor network and in a few seconds it will close the connection dialog and open the actual web browser, which is based on an ESR Extended Support Release version of the Mozilla Firefox project.
To verify if your connection is indeed anonymous, you can access the www. It is a freely distributed, yet not open source graphical software, a mix between the well known Mozilla Firefox web browser and the Tor application, enabling users to surf the Web anonymously from the comfort of their Linux desktops.
Happy anonymous surfing! Tor Browser.
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